Other studies have focused on presenting hypothetical situations to subjects and the choice they would make. More recently, some studies have attempted to investigate the real reactions of innocent people in general when confronted with real decisions of Plea Bargain. A study by Dervan and Edkins (2013) attempted to recreate an actual controlled Plea Bargain situation rather than asking for theoretical answers to a theoretical situation – a usual approach in previous research.  It put subjects in a situation where a charge of academic fraud (fraud) could have been laid, some of which were actually guilty (and knew) from the outset, and some were innocent, but apparently faced strong evidence of guilt and no verifiable evidence of innocence.  Prosecutors may also make indictment decisions that significantly affect an accused`s sentence, and they may lay charges or offer pleadings that lead even an innocent defendant to consider or accept a plea. . . .