El-said M (2010) More public health trips provisions in bilateral trade agreements: a political guide to negotiations and implementation in the Eastern Mediterranean region.” In: World Health Organization (WHO) and International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD) Empirical information contained in this document can serve a wide range of objectives. First, it provides a basis for informing policy makers and their position in trade negotiations. Information can help identify areas where greater flexibility in negotiating new IP standards may be warranted, or to avoid desirable new standards. In addition, in countries that have adopted TRIPS standards more in accordance with the TPP, evidence can provide an important basis for identifying complementary strategies that can address or mitigate the negative effects of implementation. Do you read our report, regional mega-trade agreements – Game-changes or costly distractions for the global trading system? Reducing/removing tariffs on sugar, beverages and sugar products can have a direct effect on the health of populations in partner countries. The health effects stem from the fact that, while removing trade barriers increases consumer choice and improves the supply of net food-importing countries, trade liberalization can lead to a disproportionate increase in imports and domestic production of processed foodstuffs, distorting the food supply towards an oversupply of highly processed, high-calorie, low-nutrient foodstuffs (Clark et al. 2012). Thus, lower/zero tariffs and lower prices for these products will lead to increased consumption, which would be scientifically associated with negative dental health that may be associated with obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The same applies to the increase in tobacco use, which has negative health effects, which increase the risk and incidence of oral and lung cancers. Given the health concerns associated with the increase in consumption of these products, it is necessary for policy makers in developing countries to be required to carefully analyze the effects of “cross-cutting” health commitments (see Clarke 2008). Roffe et al.